What Causes Endometrial Hyperplasia?
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Endometrial hyperplasia is the abnormal thickening of the lining of the uterus due to an increase in the number of endometrial glands. This disorder most often affects young women who are just beginning to menstruate and older women approaching menopause. In most cases endometrial hyperplasia is not a serious health risk.
What are the causes of endometrial hyperplasia?
Estrogen is responsible for building up the uterine lining, and progesterone maintains and controls this buildup. Too much estrogen and not enough progesterone can cause overgrowth of the cells that line the uterus, along with excessive thickening of the endometrium. Women who take estrogen hormone therapy without taking any form of progesterone to balance the effects of estrogen are at risk for the development of endometrial hyperplasia and cancer.Unopposed estrogen replacement therapy (taking estrogen without progesterone) in postmenopausal women is associated with a higher incidence of endometrial hyperplasia.
Endometrial hyperplasia may also occur because of chronic diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Polycystic ovary syndrome is characterized by multiple small cysts that are in or on the uterus.
An overproduction of estrogen causes endometrial hyperplasia in young women.
Young women who have just begun to menstruate, and women who have (or who have had) irregular menstrual cycles, are at greater risk for endometrial hyperplasia.
What are the risk factors for endometrial hyperplasia?
A number of factors increase the risk of developing endometrial hyperplasia. Not all women with risk factors will get endometrial hyperplasia. Risk factors for hyperplasia include:
Estrogen therapy without taking progesterone
Menopause or the years around menopause
Missed menstrual periods
Polycystic ovary syndrome
How to treat endometrial hyperplasia?
With the advanced development of medical technology, the treatments for endometrial hyperplasia are various. Fuyan Pill may be suggested. This is an herbal medicine which cures endometrial hyperplasia in three to four months. It treats endometrial hyperplasia symptoms as well as the lesion; improvement is generally seen after about one month treatment. For patients who don’t want to undergo surgery, herbal medicine is another option other than hormonal pills.