Complications of Abortion

Complications of Abortion

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Abortion is over all a safe procedure, but there are rare occasions when there can be plenty of complications that arise due to an abortion procedure. The complications all depend on the gestational age of the fetus. The longer you take to get an abortion, the more risks are involved. It is always best to get an abortion if you want to have one, in the early stages of pregnancy, usually between 6 to 13 weeks, i.e., the first trimester.

When abortions take place in with in the first few weeks, the rate of complication is 1% while it goes higher up when abortion is done in the second trimester with 50%. Below are listed some of the complications that can arise with both surgical and medical abortions.

Complications of an Abortion include

*Uterine perforation – about 2 – 3% of women tend to face this problem after the procedure is performed.

*Failed abortion – there is pregnancy tissue remaining in the uterus causing infection in the body

*Cervical perforation or lacerations are also quite common after the procedure

*Bowel or Bladder injury – which is not easily diagnosed but can be a serious problem if not treated at the proper time.

*Complications relating to anesthesia

*Death – a very rare percentage of women have severe complications leading to death of the mother.

*Psychological complications – like depression, behavioral changes, mood swings, anger and low self-esteem.

*Ovarian & Cervical Cancer – abortion increases the 5 times more chances of acquiring these deadly diseases.

*Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases (PID) – PID is one of the common problems found in women after abortion. This is one of the major reasons that most women have an ectopic pregnancy after having an abortion.

*Endometriosis is also commonly found in women after the procedure.

*Infections – common infections due to retained tissue or failed abortion is also possible.

*Cardiac Arrest – is a rare possibility but due to reactions of medications.

Signs to look out for a complication after abortion are:

*The vital signs need to be monitored on a regular basis. Infection is common after an abortion and making sure that the temperature is normal and that there is no excessive bleeding is important.

*Bowel and bladder injuries are not noticed easily. It can be identified when there is excessive bleeding and rectal tenderness.

*Keep a track on how you are bleeding, as excessive bleeding is also not a good sign and can denote an underlying complication.

*Make sure that any discomfort that lasts longer than a day is worth worrying, so you should make sure that you immediately have medical help from your health service provider.

To minimize the risk of these complications and reactions after an abortion make sure that you discuss all your problems, your medications, your allergies and your complete medical history with your health service provider. Also make sure that you follow the advice of your health service provider completely to minimize any complications. It is also important that you have regular check ups to make sure that everything is fine.


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